Write a brief paragraph or two stating the child]s name (please use a pseudonym), age, and birth date. Also include the dates, times, and locations of your observations.
DOMAIN I: PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
Describe the child]s physical development. Include the child]s physical description, as well as perceptual and motor development. When studying the child]s motor development, consider the following:
A. Gross (large) motor skills. Describe the types of gross motor skills the child engaged in and how his/her performance compared to other children the same age. Include walking, running, jumping, climbing, throwing, catching, riding a tricycle, swinging, hopping, galloping, skipping, dancing, gymnastics skills (balancing, etc.), and any other skills observed.
B. Fine (small) motor skills. Describe the types of fine motor activities your child engaged in and tell how his/her performance compared to other children the same age. Include handling small objects, pincer grasp (using the thumb and index finger to pick up objects), eating, buttoning, zipping, tying shoelaces, dressing, undressing, working puzzles, cutting, pasting, coloring, painting, manipulating blocks, hand motions to songs, and any other skills observed.
C. Developmental Appropriateness. Using a reliable source of information, indicate the gross and fine motor skills that are characteristic of children at this age. For example, ]According to McDevitt and Ormrod (2009), JoJo is progressing normally for a child her age.]
DOMAIN II: COGNITIVE SKILLS
A. Number concepts. Discuss the child]s ability to count with comprehension and tell what the child counted (plates, blocks, etc.). How high can he/she count? Tell if the child used pre-math words such as]more]], ]less,]bigger]longer]]shorter], indicating understanding of quantity or size.
B. Attention and problem-solving style. Discuss the child]s ability (or inability) to pay attention, focus, or concentrate on various activities or projects. Tell how many minutes he/she stays at each major area or activity. [Example, ]She often spent from three to fifteen minutes on art activities.]] What did your child seem to enjoy doing the most? The least? When working (or playing), is he/she easily distracted by other people, noises, etc.? When faced with a new activity, does the child get frustrated easily and give up or keep trying for a long time?
C. Reasoning ability and learning. Tell if your child indicated by words or actions that he/she ]figured out] something]how to work something, how to get to something he/she wanted, why something happened, etc. What has this child learned while you observed? What specific problems has he/she solved?
D. Curiosity, creativity and imagination. How does this child show (1) curiosity about things around him/her? Exploratory tendencies? Give examples of (2) creativity (new, different, unusual, original) things the child has made, said, or done. How did this child use his/her (3) imagination (imaginary activities, people, creatures, etc.)?
E. Memory. Discuss childÃ] (1) short term and (2) long term memory abilities. How has the child indicated remembering usual daily routines, people, special events from past? Discuss any memory errors.
F. Piaget]stages of cognitive development. In observing your child, determine which stage your child is in, according to Jean Piaget] theory. Give specific examples.
G. Developmental Appropriateness. Using a reliable source of information, indicate the cognitive skills that are characteristic of children at this age. For example, ]According to McDevitt and Ormrod (2009), JoJo is progressing normally for a child her age.]
DOMAIN III: LANGUAGE SKILLS
A. Pronunciation. Does the child pronounce words clearly and correctly? Quote “bigger” words pronounced correctly. Quote any pronunciation errors. [Example: She says “fwee” for “three,” “teeter” for “teacher.]
B. Vocabulary. How does this child’s vocabulary compare with that of other children the same age? How well does the child understand the meaning of words used by others? Give examples of specific directions given by the teacher and describe whether the child understood and followed them. [Child may understand but not want to do it.] List any examples of child’s misunderstanding word meanings.
C. Grammar. Does the child generally use good grammar? Quote examples of correct grammar, and then quote any grammatical errors you heard and try to explain the reason for these errors.
D. Appropriateness. Does your child speak when appropriate and keep quiet when appropriate? Does the child speak especially loudly or softly?
E. Non-verbal communication. Describe non-verbal communication]“body language, gestures, and facial expressions ]especially if the child is not yet verbal.
F. Developmental Appropriateness. Using a reliable source of information, indicate the language skills that are characteristic of children at this age. For example,]According to McDevitt and Ormrod (2009), JoJo is progressing normally for a child her age.]
DOMAIN IV: LITERACY SKILLS
A. Recognizing letters. How well does the child identify letters? Does the child understand that each letter has a corresponding sound?
B. Decoding text. How well does the child identify words and meanings in a text? Does the child know sight words?
C. Comprehension and Fluency. How well does the child understand what he/she reads? Does the child read fluently?
D. Developmental Appropriateness. Using a reliable source of information, indicate the literacy skills that are characteristic of children at this age. For example, ]According to McDevitt and Ormrod (2009), JoJo is progressing normally for a child her age.
DOMAIN V: SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL SKILLS
A. Play. What types of play does your child engage in? Give specific examples of each type: practice, pretense/symbolic, social, constructive [this is making or building something–2- or 3-dimensional art, puzzles, blocks, legos, sand castles, etc.],or games. What have you observed the child learning from play? What gender differences in play activities have you noticed? What toys/activities are both genders using? Girls only? Boys only?
B. Interactions with peers. Give examples of each behavior. How does your child interact with other children? How is he/she a follower or a leader? How does he/she influence the others, if at all? When and how is the child friendly, cooperative, hostile, outgoing, withdrawn? Does the child engage in aggressive behavior? When? Why? To whom? How? How does the child react to aggression expressed by others? With whom does the child spend the most time? How do the other children react to this child? Does the child express sympathy to others or help them in any way?
C. Interactions with adults.
1. Parents. Describe the parent-child interaction if observed. Was the child’s behavior different when the parent was there? How? How did the parent relate to the child? What was said?
2. Other adults. Is the child polite or rude with adults? Affectionate? Clingy? Distant? Describe the behavior you saw.
D. Erikson’s theory of personality development (psychosocial stages). In observing your child, determine which stage, or stages, your child is in, according to Erikson’s theory. Give specific examples.
E. Emotions. Describe the emotions that your child expressed. Does he/she cry easily? Become frustrated? Indicate that he/she is happy, mad, sad, hurt, etc.? (Give specific examples of situations for each.)
F. Self esteem. How would you describe the self-esteem of the child–high, low, average, or a combination? What have you observed that causes you to draw this conclusion?
G. Developmental Appropriateness. Using a reliable source of information, indicate the social-emotional skills that are characteristic of children at this age. For example, According to McDevitt and Ormrod (2009), JoJo is progressing normally for a child her age.
DOMAIN VI. DEVELOPMENTAL EVALUATION
Briefly summarize how your lab child is doing in each developmental domain–social, emotional, cognitive, physical, literacy& language development. In what areas are your child most advanced for his/her age? Which abilities are least developed? Which areas are average? Why do you think so?
DOMAIN VII. PERSONAL VALUE
Describe in detail how observing the child and writing the case study was valuable to you. Even the people most experienced in working with or parenting children continually learn new lessons from them. What was new to you? What surprised you? What do you expect to remember the most vividly? What previous knowledge was reinforced? How can you apply what you have learned to your personal and professional life, both now and in the future?
Include any references you used to complete this case study. Be sure you use APA style!