I have already done with this paper but what I want you to do is to go through this paper and reorganize. This paper has good ideas but the problem is that it has some problems with the organization. So you don’t need to do a new entire essay. You should just do some adjustments on the paper in order to make better and follow the requirements of the essay. I will my paper with the comments of my instructor. Also, you’ll find at the end of the paper a sample paragraph, abody paragraph, which shows you how the body paragraph should look like. This paragraph is a sample of a PIE paragraph. All of the body paragraphs should follow the same principles. Remember!! you have to follow the PIE structure. Please this must be the final editing. My instructor also gave us a form that has some questions about this essay which will help you. The questions are basically for a review (it’s just a review form) . You have all of the materials that can help to do a very good essay. So please I got D on a previous essay because I didn’t follow the PIE structure. I want to get an A this time.
18, November 2010
Contextual Analysis: The Terminal and The New Colossus: Exploring the Idea of Border
The movie “The Terminal” showed how immigrants like Viktor Navorski in the U.S. are treated unfavorably, especially if they are considered as illegal. One good example is when Navorski was allowed to stay within the airport since he was considered as a ‘stateless person’ and experienced deprivation of food since Dixon wanted Navorski to escape the airport and eventually, arrested by the authorities. Unfortunately for Dixon, Navorski preferred to maintain his composure and decided to stay within the airport. When Navorski find a decent means of earning his own income through collecting 25 cents rewards from collecting vacant baggage [u1] trolleys, Dixon hired another person to collect those baggage trolleys. However, Navorski acquired part time construction work in order to earn sufficient income to survive inside the airport.
One major factor why Navorski was treated unfavorably is the idea called borders. As suggested by John Washington (252), even “though borderwalls may be difficult to define, it is imperative to consider how our borders define us”. Borderwalls define what is Mexico, what is Russia and what is United States and it also define the identity of an person and of another individual. While globalization defies borders and such trend will likely to exist, these borderwalls still serve its importance in order to sustain the identity of each person and protect the interests of each territory.
[u2] However, borders do not only establish the identity of a territory and of a person but it also establish specific rules and regulations intended to sustain the existence and viability of those borders. These rules also dictate specific identities that are allowed to enter the borders of the United States and specific objects that are allowed for entry, whether with or without documents. Therefore, these laws also define whether a specific foreigner could be considered illegal or legal or whether what he/she brings are authorized or unauthorized.
One good example is when Viktor Navorski was denied for entry. Navorski’s homeland has been overthrown as a country. Therefore, since the United States and even other countries do not recognize the new government[u3] , all of his government documents including passports, visas and currently released by Krakozhian government are considered invalid internationally. Since air serve inbound and outbound of Krakozhia are also suspended, Viktor cannot be sent back to Krakozhia until the situation became resolved.
Another example is a situation presented in the movie wherein an individual was almost arrested because of bringing pills for his dying father. [u4] Russian immigrant should have required documents but due to ignorance of the law, he failed to do so. However, such problem has been solved when Viktor stated that the medicine was actually for a goat and not for his dying father. Viktor’s claim made the action of Russian migrant, Milodragovich, legal and the authorities allowed him to enter United States with those pills.
Similarly, laws also allowed people to treat illegal immigrants differently. In most occasions, such difference in treatment signifies the most unfavorable treatment that an illegal immigrant could ever experience. John Washington’s first hand experience could best describe how illegal immigrants are treated unfavorably. In fact, Washington did not used the use repatriated and used the word ‘dumped’ since it best describes the actual situation that illegal immigrants experienced once they are caught by the Border Patrol. As Washington (238) stated “I know that repatriated is a kind of euphism for the way migrants are offloaded from government contracted buses, their belongings thrown in piles in the sidewalk—injured men and single women deposited into the dark.” Washington also described Border Patrol as the ‘dog catcher’ more than a truck. Border Patrollers often stuff migrants in the back cabs like dogs.
Washington (242) suggested that even though these illegal immigrants indeed committed an offense through entering a country without proper documents and authorization, they only committed administrative offense and should not deserve such kind of treatment. In other words, the over reaction of Border Patrollers in treating illegal immigrants removes their civil rights, specifically their right for due process. As Washington (242) has personally witnessed, courthouse in Tucson oftentimes prosecute migrants through Operation Streamline. The courthouse often sentence migrant en-masse, approximately by seventy migrants or more at a time with no or insufficient number of defense attorneys, which clearly denying them an impartial due process. Operations Streamline does not only dehumanize illegal immigrants but these processes also devalue principles of American citizens, particularly justice and freedom (Washington 242). [u5]
However, such unfavorable treatments towards migrants is not only limited to airports (as seen in the movie the Terminal) and to other agencies that intends to protect the borders but also in public places. Every migrant who cannot be considered illegal also experiences an unfavorable treatment though in different aspect. One good example is when Leslie Marmon Silko lost her freedom to travel on American Highways because she looks like a migrant. In this sense, it could be argued that it is not only the laws that make migrants be treated differently (Washington, 245). There is another aspect that could explain why these immigrants are treated unfairly even though they followed established immigration laws in entering the United States. This aspect is referred by Washingtom as racial discrimination. Racial discrimination is a factor based on human behavior. Nevertheless, the established laws against illegal immigrants could have also influence human behavior to become racially discriminative (Washington, 245).
For instance, “The Terminal” showed some antagonistic relationship between Dixon and Navorski and Navorski with other airport staff. It is clear that the airport staff is quite antagonistic against Navorski since he is considered as illegal migrant. The war in his homeland Krakhozia made him unrecognizable by the United States and other countries and this made him illegal. On the other hand, Washington has failed to recognize that the treatment towards illegal migrants is not always unfavorable and such negative treatment could be changed depending upon the situation.[u6]
The best example that demonstrates this notion is when Navorski successfully befriended other staff of the airport. The good deed he had made in order to save a Russian immigrant from going to jail made him look as a hero and airport staff treated him more favorably than they used to treat him during the early months of Navorski’s stay in the airport. Another instance is the word ‘compassion’ as stated by Salchak. He told Frank Dixon that Dixon should have ignored the rule and allowed the Russian immigrant to enter the United States with his pills. However, the border laws made Dixon uncompassionate towards the Russian immigrant who do not follow rules and regulations. In other words, this also confirms earlier argument that laws allowed people to treat illegal immigrants differently[u7] .
Nevertheless, The Terminal also showed some realities that Washington failed to recognize, particularly that migrants could also enjoy similar opportunities that American citizens enjoy. One good example is when Viktor Navorski was hired as part time worker for a construction firm that oversees a construction project within the airport premises. Even though the construction workers are not sure whether Viktor is illegal or legal migrant, they chose to hire him because of his capability to satisfy the requirements of their firm.
Furthermore, there is also a law that allows an illegal migrant to move freely in the United States. This information was stated by Frank Dixon. He stated that if Viktor would be able to establish fear in coming back to Krakozhia, he would be allowed to go to New York tonight. Unfortunately, Viktor was unsuccessful in establishing such fear and Dixon refuse to sign needed documents that could allow Viktor to movie freely within New York City. Therefore, it could be argued that not all migrants, even those illegal, could have suffered the negative treatment similar to those Washington has demonstrated in this essay.
The movie “The Terminal” showed how immigrants like Viktor Navorski in the U.S. are treated unfavorably, especially if they are considered as illegal. One major factor why Navorski was treated unfavorably is the idea called borders[u8] . As suggested by John Washington (252), even “though borderwalls may be difficult to define, it is imperative to consider how our borders define us”. Borderwalls define what is Mexico, what is Russia and what is United States and it also define the identity of an person and of another individual. However, borders do not only establish the identity of a territory and of a person but it also establish specific rules and regulations intended to sustain the existence and viability of those borders.
These rules also dictate specific identities that are allowed to enter the borders of the United States and specific objects that are allowed for entry, whether with or without documents. Laws also allowed people to treat illegal immigrants differently. In most occasions, such difference in treatment signifies the most unfavorable treatment that an illegal immigrant could ever experience. The established laws against illegal immigrants could have also influence human behavior to become racially discriminative. Nevertheless, The Terminal also showed some realities that Washington failed to recognize, particularly that migrants could also enjoy similar opportunities that American citizens enjoy. In this sense, it could be considered that Washington failed to realize such reality since he spends most of his life in the negative aspect of illegal migration, particularly addressing the needs of suffering illegal migrants.
Here is the sample of how the paragraphs should look like. Please take a look at it. You may have a better picture of it. PLEASE LOOK AT IT.
PIE in Contextual Analysis Essay
Note: secondary text(s) can be used in Explanation – to explain your ideas about the movie
Illustration from the primary text
Explanation including information from the secondary text
Another strategy that Steven Spielberg uses to downplay the hardships of crossing borders is humor. For example, the opening scene of the movie shows a group of Chinese men on their way to go through passport control. Frank Dixon suspects that they are not going to Disneyworld as their documents suggest but are using the trip to the Disneyworld as a false pretense to cross the border and remain in the U.S. illegally. The next scene shows these Chinese men running through the terminal in an attempt to escape into the city (The Terminal). During that scene, many people in the audience laugh because the Chinese men look ridiculous. They are waiving their suitcases and bumping into security officers, as if in a children’s game. The humor of their actions is amplified by their costumes: they are all wearing identical white childish sweatshirts with a picture of Mickey Mouse on them. Their actions and clothes make the situation look amusing, but beyond ridiculous actions and clothes, there is nothing amusing in it. In his essay Washington writes: “Asking migrants why they cross the border, why they leave their homes and family, the answer is almost always, in some form or another, to survive, to give their children or their spouses or themselves a fighting chance” (254). The audience should understand that the Chinese men in the opening scene of The Terminal are not trying to enter the U.S. illegally for fun. They are all adults; they have probably left families back home, wives and children whose survival might depend on these men. The decision to leave one’s home and family is not easy, and the person who goes through this experience deserves help, sympathy and understanding, not lighthearted laughter or ridicule. By using humor in the opening scene, Steven Spielberg successfully masks the tragedy of the situation. As a result, the audience gets the wrong impression that crossing the border is just a game, an entertainment, not what it really is – a difficult decision and a painful process.
Supporting Your Claims about the Theme of Border in the Movie by Facts from Additional Secondary Texts
The experience of the main character of the movie The Terminal, Viktor Navorski, shows a realistic picture of how immigrants in the U.S. are treated and illustrates that they are allowed an opportunity to succeed. Multiple cases of successful immigrants in real life confirm that the rights of those who cross the U.S. border to pursue liberty, happiness and success are not being violated. For example, in an interview with Trevor Gunn, the deputy director of the Commerce Department’s Business Information Service, who has advised a number of immigrant entrepreneurs from the former Soviet Union, he said that there has been a “steady increase” in the number of immigrants from the Soviet Union starting a business in the U.S. (Gunn 22). Many of such businesses become very successful. In fact, the co-founder and the President of Technology of Google, an internationally renowned corporation, Sergey Brin, is an immigrant from Russia (“Management”). Therefore, although John Washington in his essay illustrates multiple cases in which migrants in the U.S. are “violently mistreat[ed] and discard[ed]” (254), it does not represent every migrant’s experience and does not mean that the U.S. has turned its back on its values. While there are, unfortunately, cases of abuse and poor treatment, it is still true that the U.S. welcomes immigrants, giving them a chance to succeed, as the movie The Terminal portrays.
Interview with Trevor Gunn was found through the U of A libraries’ database Academic Search Complete
Information about Sergey Brin was found at the Google website, under the “Management” tab
[u1]You have to make that part, the summary, a littile bit shorter and you have to make sure that you have the thesis at the end of the introducation. My instructor said that the essay is good but the problem is with the organization.
[u2]My instructor said that you have to combine those paragraphs and you have yo do the introduction in one paragraph.
[u3]Here in this part, my instructor said that you have to begin with a point, a topic sentence. You cannot start with saying an example directly( follow the PIE structure). After you give the point you have to write the illustration, the examples. Then do the explanation part which shows the connection between the point and the illustration. Also, it shows the connection to the thesis statement.
[u4]That’s just as same as the previous paragraph. You need to consider the PIE structure. Make sure that you follow the PIE structure. Otherwise my instructor said I will get D for this assignment if I didn’t edit that problem and make as the PIE structure. remember 1) P>>>> Point
2) I>>>> Illustration
[u5]This paragraph is just analyzing the secondary text for this assignment. Remeber the main foucus is the primary text, the movie.
[u6]Each paragraph should begin with a point, topic sentence. FOLLOW THE PIE STRUCTURE.
[u7]The same thing as the previous paragraph. PIE structure.
[u8]My instructor said that my conclusion needs to be improved because it is just look like the introduction. Also, there are some sentences that have been copied from the introduction.
[u9]The conclusion must be in one paragraph.
[u10]The PIE structure and following it is the main thing. If I didn’t follow it I will get D. Overall the essay has the ideas of the analysis but the organnization is the problem. So make sure that you combine some of the paragraphs and follow the PIE structure. REORGANZE the essay. The essay has good ideas and good examples but also you need to add some more illustration just to make sure you follow the PIE structure. This must be the final draft I have to submit that tomorrow so please do a serious work on this essay.