Public Speaking

SPEECH 100                                                                             Dr. Weisenborn


#4 – Persuasion                                                                              200 points

Length:  8-10 minutes      Extemporaneous Delivery           Outline Required-2


Read & Review Ch. 16

An eight to ten minutes presentation.  Choose a topic that is important – a problem that needs something to be addressed.  Develop a speech of persuasive fact (pp. 390), value (pp. 390, or policy (pp. 391).  Your message should be well organized and reflect your purpose clearly.  Your main points should be arranged in an appropriate design.  Speeches addressing local or issues can be very effective.  You should incorporate strategies for involving your audience with your speech.  You must submit two copies of the outline which includes a bibliography of at least three sources of information – No Wikipedia or websites!


The goal of this presentation is to identify substantive issues and present the evidence, argument, and solution for the situation.  In other words, you are to find argument “parts” and establish your position to the satisfaction of an audience.


  1. Identify the situation
  2. Research to establish your position (prove it)
  3. Analyze the components
  4. Identify the “weakness”


  1. Clearly identify for the audience the issue and your position

by citing and explaining your research and argument analysis.

  1. Use a standard issue approach:

Is there a problem?

Is an “attack” on it justified?

Is there a solution?

Is there a better alternative?

  1. Use specific organization for your argument:

Deductive – from the “rule” to the specifics

Inductive – observations lead to a conclusion

Analogic – learn by considering similar situations



Two copies of a typed outline following key word format


Three specific research citations, including one book or magazine or newspaper.

NO Wikipedia or websites    Try

OPTIONAL:  Presentation aids at your optional.  (Will they complement?)



25 – Clearly established “problem”

25 –  Fully evaluate “solution alternative” to the problem and select one

20 –  Immediate and delayed action methods

20 –  Presentation

10 – Outline

Total times 2 = 200 possible points


  1. Introduction:

(photo slide)

34% of Americans are overweight (1 in 3) and 67% (2 in 3) of Americans are overweight or obese.


“Obesity has been linked to a variety of chorionic diseases, almost 300,000 deaths each year, and $117 billion in direct and indirect annual costs in the United States alone.” (Colditz, Stein)



Because of the rising cost of obesity on society it has been proposed that a fast food tax should be implemented to help pay for public healthcare.  However such a tax would be unlikely to change societal habits due to its lack of coverage and would disproportionally cost lower income families. Therefore a tax system on all foods based on calories per ounce should be implemented.


  1. Body
    1. Obesity and High Calorie foods
      1.                                                                i.      Definition of Obesity and Overweight
        1. Body Mass Index >/= 30
        2. BMI 25-29
        3.                                                              ii.      Obesity vs. McDonalds’
          1. Obesity Map 1985 (10%>,10-14%)/McDonalds Stores Revenue 1985 ($3,500,000,000)
          2. Obesity Map 1994 (10-14%,15-19%)
          3. Obesity Map 1985
            1. 1 State 15-19%
            2. Most 20-29%
            3. 6 =/> 30%
            4. McDonalds Stores Revenue 2008 ($23,500,000,000)
            5.                                                            iii.      Calories Per Cheeseburger
              1. Homemade (Cal 409/Fat 16)
              2. McDonalds (Cal 510/Fat 26)
              3. Chilies (Cal 870/Fat 47)
              4. Fast Food Tax = Bad Option
                1.                                                                i.      Targets Low Income Families
                2.                                                              ii.      Doesn’t cover all bad foods
                3.                                                            iii.      May Cause Higher Consumption
              5. Tax All Foods
                1.                                                                i.      “To make a significant dent in escalating rates of obesity, taxes would have to be steep and widespread.” (Kaplan)
                2.                                                              ii.      Everyone eats = equal distribution of tax
                3.                                                            iii.      Tax Percentages
                  1. Whole Foods 0%
                  2. Average Foods 5%
                  3. Drenched in Butter 10%
                4.                                                            iv.      Promote consumer and restaurant conscience for spending
                  1. Raises Awareness (Like Carbon Footprint tax in France)
                  2. Consumers learn to make better choices
                  3. Restaurants promote truly “low calorie” foods


  1. Conclusion

Obesity is taking a costly toll on America but an effort to enrich the American conscience can promote change and lead to a healthier nation



References Print on back

“Junk-food tax idea is gaining weight: Cigarette hikes curb smoking, but can the tactic fight obesity?”,0,7348243,full.story

By Karen Kaplan August 23 2009


“The Epidemic of Obesity “

By Cynthia J. Stein and Graham A. Colditz 2004


“MCDONALD’S CORP reports earnings for Qtr to June 30”

July 24 1985



DEC 11 2009


Nutritional Information


Nutritional Information


Obesity Statistics


Nutritional Information



SPEECH 100 #4


INTRODUCTION: Save the Planet, Going Green, Give a Hoot Don’t Pollute are all catch phrases people use as part of the environmental movement.  Everyone wants to recycle, save the baby seal, or pick up garbage along the beach. Our waterways are vital for the survival of many species, but many people do not know where all the pollution comes from.  The number one source of pollution to US waterways is Storm Drain Pollution and it is critical to the existence of wildlife.


Transition:  Most people know what a storm drain is, but have never considered where they go, or that they are detrimental to lakes, streams, rivers and coastlines.


I.  Storm drain pollution

A.  Where does it come from?

B.  Common pollutants

Transition:  There are many ways to prevent storm drain pollution from reaching our water sources.

II. Storm drain pollution cleanup

  1. Storm drain filters
  2. Water treatment facilities
  3. Storm drain education

Transition:  All of the methods are effective, but take time and cost money, but here are a few ways you can help prevent storm drain pollution now.

III. Pollution prevention

  1. Over fertilization
  2. Chemical dumping
  3. Over watering
  4. Car washing

Transition:  Car washing at home is one of the most hazardous activities performed by people without even knowing.

IV. Car wash pollution

  1. Promotes algae growth
  2. Kills fish
  3. Water becomes toxic

Transition:  However there are some things that you can do that will limit the pollution to storm drains and the damage it causes the environment.

V. Limit car wash pollution

A. Use car wash B. Use environmentally friendly soap C. Use less water D. Wash on grass

CONCLUSION:  Make no mistake; storm drain pollution is dangerous to the environment and our health.  Although there are methods to clean the water from storm drains you can all help today by stopping unnecessary storm drain pollution and taking that extra step to limit the damage caused by washing cars at home.



Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, “Nonpoint Source Pollution Education: Car Washing” (retrieved Oct. 7, 2009 from,

Environmental Partners Inc., “Practical Fish Toxicity Test Report” (March 2007)             (retrieved Oct. 10, 2009 from

Linwood Pendleton, “Managing Beach Amenities to Reduce Exposure to Coastal Hazards: Storm Water Pollution” (Feb. 2004) (retrieved Oct. 10, 2009 from

New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, “Road Salt and Water Quality Fact Sheet” (1996) (retrieved Oct. 10, 2009 from




Still stressed from student homework?
Get quality assistance from academic writers!

WELCOME TO OUR NEW SITE. We Have Redesigned Our Website With You In Mind. Enjoy The New Experience With 15% OFF