The port of Toledo

Write a 3 pages report responding to the following questions:
1. Brief history of Toledo Port and its logistics activities
2. Read the following write-up from the port manager and answer his questions:
As you know, the Great Lakes Seaway System serves a major role in the transport of raw materials between US ports, Canada and also provides a route for international vessels to bring cargo into the interior of North America from overseas destinations.  Often the bulk, break bulk, and project cargo shipments are transported in large quantities and vessels are booked on a charter basis.  There is no existing scheduled liner service on the Great Lakes for containerized freight or project cargo which prohibits shippers from using the system if they do not have enough freight to justify a charter.
3. It would be interesting to know the amount (tonnage or value) of cargo necessary to induce a vessel line to make a chartered port call in the Great Lakes.  Also, what is the critical mass required to support a scheduled liner service?  This is not an easy question as charter rates change every day based on supply and demand.  Also, the cost of fuel plays a large role in decision making.

4. Another question might be to determine what East Coast or Gulf Coast or Mississippi / Ohio River System ports are the Great Lakes largest competitors.  In other words, what port(s) handle cargo that could have been shipped via a Great Lakes port.  Why do forwarders and shippers route cargo in a particular way?  Are forwarders and shippers familiar with the capabilities of Great Lakes Ports?

5. Yet another issue / question that is somewhat controversial is the Jones Act.  The Jones Act requires ships that trade between US ports to have been constructed in the US and have a US crew.  The  US Flag Great Lakes Fleet is declining and US Shipyards are concentrating on military and government projects.  Because it is so expensive to build a vessel in the US compared to other regions no new vessels of significance have been constructed in recent years for the Great lakes trade.  In Canada, a decision has been made to allow ships to be constructed overseas for Canadian trade which has spurred CSL and Algoma to order new vessels.  Unless the Jones Act is modified, how can the US Great Lakes Fleet modernize and add capacity for new routes, commodities, etc?


This link is so important which is i did ask the director of the port of Toledo the questions in the top

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