•The purpose of this paper is to identify, evaluate and plan for the threat of your potential or actual toxic exposure to a specific chemical as a consumer.
•The toxic chemical may be a chemical element, a chemical compound, chemical solution or a chemical mixture.
•Do not write about more than one toxic chemical unless you have my approval.
•Some toxic chemicals such as air pollution, tobacco smoke and medications are mixtures of several chemical compounds, but count as single chemicals for this purpose
•The paper is to be written in your own words as a persuasive document,
•That is, you are to convince me that there is a real threat to you and other consumers.
•Justify your opinion by citing internet or other sources and developing the logic of your case.
•The Following Sections and all numbered subsection questions must be identified and discussed in numerical order in your paper:
•Section One must be identified as such and the discussion must include at least the five numbered citations in the instructions.
Section Two also must be identified and the ten questions of what type of toxic threat the chemical presents must all be answered.
•Section One: of the paper is to identify and justify the selection of the specific Toxic Chemical Threat you chose for your paper.
•Consider your exposure to:
–Over the counter medicines
–Health and dietary supplements
–Recreational drugs/beverages (licit/illicit)
–Indoor and outside environmental pollutants
•The discussion must cite:
•1. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
•2. The discussion must cite at least one other Federal Agency data source such as:
–The National Institutes of Health (NIH)
–Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
–Department of Agriculture (FSIS)
–Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
–Occupational Safety And Health Administration (OSHA)/Cornell University or Other OSHA MSDS Data Banks
–Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
•3. The discussion must cite at least one non-federal agency data source such as:
•Websites found by keyword searches such as manufacturer’s websites, health or medical information sites, blogs, etc. and
•Other sources including class notes or interviews.
•4. Cite at least one website that disagrees with your conclusions.
•Contact me if you cannot find a website or other source that disagrees with your conclusions.
•At least four sources must be cited.
•Five or more sources are preferred and typically result in better papers.
•5. You are to discuss, (compare and contrast) data involving
•Disagreements between sources or
•Different data contained in the sources,
•From the sites that you use in Section One, Section Two and Section Three of the paper.
•Section Two: Is to address consumer exposure and vulnerability factors (especially: students, faculty, staff and visitors to IUB).
•You are to use worst-case scenarios in developing the vulnerability assessment.
•1. Is this an Acute toxic chemical threat (explain)?
•2. Is this a chronic toxic chemical threat (explain)?
•3. Is this both an acute toxic chemical threat and a chronic toxic chemical threat?
• (Explain under what circumstances it is an acute threat and under what circumstances is it a chronic threat.)
•4. Is this a systemic threat? (Explain why it is a systemic threat.)
*5. Is this a target organ threat? (What organ or organs?
•6. Is this a carcinogen (cancer threat – if so what cancer?)
•7. Is this a reproductive or developmental toxic threat?
(What reproductive or developmental effects does it present?)
•8. What are the more likely (probable) chemicals that will interact with exposure to the selected chemical?
• You must identify at least one chemical that interacts with your chosen chemical with an:
• Additive or
• Synergistic effect.
•9. Do you have any special vulnerability (Personal or family history that increase you tendency to be harmed).
*10. Do you have any personal behaviors: – drinking, smoking or other recreational drug use, eating or dieting habits, or other behaviors that may effect exposure or increase the severity of the effects of exposure?
•Is to be devoted to a risk assessment of the threat.
•The risk assessment of the threat is a discussion involving the combining of the probability estimate (likelihood of occurrence) and consequences of exposure to a toxic chemical.
•1. How many people are threatened by exposure or what percentage of the population is exposed?
•2. Severity or consequences of exposure or repeated exposures to the toxic chemical.
*3. How available and effective are remedial actions
•4. You are to use worst case consequence scenarios to determine the degree of risk.
•5. Justify the assumptions you use to make your evaluations.
•I realize access to specific information about:
•Numbers of persons who may be exposed,
•Medical or emergency actions, etc. may be difficult to find; but,
•You can still make reasonably informed judgments from the information presented in class and your own observations and web searches.
•SECTION FOUR: Is to present a personal plan of action for making risk decisions about toxic chemical exposures.
•Develop a plan of action for your personal safety from toxic chemicals including:
•1. Describing how you will determine what chemical threats you face.
•2. Describing how you can mitigate the personal risk you face from the specific threat cited.
•3. Identifying actions for how you can avoid exposure to interactions with other toxic chemicals that would increase your risk.
*4. Describing how you will acquire and use precautionary information or safety procedures available for reasonably safe use of toxic chemicals.
•Section Five: is to present your conclusions.
*1. Bring it all together and convince me in your own words that the toxic chemical threat you identified is real and needs to be controlled.
•2. Identify and include actions you think the responsible Indiana University officials, government agencies, manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, retailers, etc. should take to better inform, warn, and train the public.