College drinking and effect on academics
McAloon, D. T. (July 01, 1994). The Effect of Alcohol Abuse on Academic Achievement on
Two-Year Campuses. Community College Review, 22, 1, 12-18. This article describes a study that was carried out in order to determine the consequences of alcohol abuse on academic achievements of the college students. It was measured using grade point averages (GPAs) of a two-year student (McAloon, 1994) in order to determine the studying trend. It was discovered that the more students kept on drinking, the more their GPAs reduced. McAloon’s article analyzes well the way college students are being affected by alcohol abuse. He used the research methodology in analyzing the way alcohol abuse affects the performance of students in the college. The problems related to alcohol were assessed and it was found alcohol abuse leads to problems such as sexual assault, conflicts and other illegal behaviors (McAloon, 1994). Therefore, the research findings emphasize on the call for educating the second year college students as well as providing possible ways of addressing the issue through use of post-evaluation method.
Paschall, M. J., & Freisthler, B. (2003). Does heavy drinking affect academic performance in college? Findings from a prospective study of high achievers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64, 515–519. The researchers conducted a study on the effects of intense alcohol intake, and alcohol-related problems on the performances of college students. The student’s grade point average – GPA – was checked and possible connections made to the students’ drinking habits at an individual level. The study involved 465 students from the University of California in Berkley. The study indicated only a small proportion of the alcohol intake habits and alcohol related problems related directly to the student’s performances on their group point average. The study further indicated that the findings were inconsistent with a regression model on the group point average on a given high school and the control variables of student demographic characteristics. The study therefore concluded that intense alcoholic intake and alcohol related problems do not have any discernible effect on the on the students academic performance.
Wolaver, A. (December 01, 2003). Effects of heavy drinking in college on study effort, grade
point average, and major choice. Human Resources Abstracts, 38, 4.). The author provides descriptive measures of consequences that arise in college due to alcohol use. He provides an explanation in regards to GPA being affected due to college drinking. The article is a description of the way intoxication directly and indirectly decreases GPA (Wolaver, 2003). Moreover, the author investigates on impacts of excessive drinking which many college students have neglected. The publication examines the nature of relationship between alcohol use and major choice made in the future. It evaluates the connection of alcohol to academic performance, social life and criminal issues. Wolaver analyzes the impacts that are caused by alcohol use and the evaluation is same in McAloon’s articles above. The chief goal of evaluating this study is to provide enhanced information about taking alcohol during study hours and its effects on performance. Various models were used to enumerate the cost and benefits of consuming alcohol. The results on major choice simulations were produced and their results tested in order to predict on future effects.
Wolaver, A. M. (January 01, 2007). Does Drinking Affect Grades More for Women? Gender
Differences in the Effects of Heavy Episodic Drinking in College. The American Economist, 51, 2, 72. The study addresses the question whether drinking of alcohol affects women’s grades more than it does on men. It provides a concise discussion of the effects of heavy drinking towards grade academic performances of women and men. The author reveals that binge drinking (Wolaver, 2007) lowers predicted GPA in more than three tenths for both gender. Although, the prediction of grades on women are indicated to be on increase but its effects on men are indistinct. Increased binge drinking on women tends to increase studying hours and the effects remains to be negative. Wolaver uses variable instruments and techniques of simultaneous equations in evaluating the ways women are affected more through use of alcohol while in their studies. The empirical methods were used to evaluate the effects of alcohol consumption on study hours. The result produced for indicated some biasness and estimates varied depending on the magnitude of drinking effects on grades (Wolaver, 2007).
Singleton, R. A. (January 01, 2007). Collegiate alcohol consumption and academic performance.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68, 4, 548-55. This article reveals that the association between alcohol consumption and academic performance for college students and are same to the above discussed articles. According to Singleton (2007), alcohol consumption among college students is on the increase thus affecting the GPA. The survey indicates that the relationship between alcohol consumption and grades creates negative impacts on women more than it does on men. The study was designed to examine the trend of college study and alcohol drinking in studies. Diverse literature reviews were conducted and different methodology was used as well as findings were presented. It evaluates on personal interview surveys that was conducted in four semesters by sampling students randomly. The interviews were meant to evaluate and measure the use of alcohol to both genders in order to obtain GPA samples. It was discovered that the amount of drug, which was consumed by both genders, was significantly correlated to GPA. An evaluation of the article results to the conclusion, alcohol affects concentration, reduces study time and on the long run destroys important neuron-connections in the brain. Scientific studies explain the effect of alcohol on the osomopotency of dendrites allowing high concentration of ions such as calcium. Additionally, the social functioning of the students is impaired with alcoholics more likely to cheat to attain higher GPA’s. The author is approaches the issue professionally by relating effect and cause in the research
McAloon, D. T. (July 01, 1994). The Effect of Alcohol Abuse on Academic Achievement on Two-Year Campuses. Community College Review, 22, 1, 12-18.
Paschall, M. J., & Freisthler, B. (2003). Does heavy drinking affect academic performance in college? Findings from a prospective study of high achievers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64, 515–519.
Wolaver, A. (December 01, 2003). Effects of heavy drinking in college on study effort, grade point average, and major choice. Human Resources Abstracts, 38, 4.)
Wolaver, A. M. (January 01, 2007). Does Drinking Affect Grades More for Women? Gender Differences in the Effects of Heavy Episodic Drinking in College. The American Economist, 51, 2, 72.
Singleton, R. A. (January 01, 2007). Collegiate alcohol consumption and academic performance. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68, 4, 548-55.