Thesis statement: Although greenhouse effect is an important naturally occurring process, human activity causes the emission of more gases into the atmosphere, which deplete the ozone layer and cause climate change.
- A. Causes of greenhouse effect
- Naturally occurring gases such as water vapor, methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxides
- Anthropogenic gases such as chlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons hydrochlorofluorocarbons, sulfurhexafluoride among others (Mines & Lackey, 2009).
- burning fossil fuels such as natural gas, oil and coal
B. Effects of greenhouse effect
- A warmer atmospheric temperature (D. Hyndman & D. Hyndman, 2008).
- CFCs cause damage to the ozone layer and this can have harmful effects on human life (Sullivan & Krieger, 2001).
A. Who they are
- The government through the Environmental Protection Agency
- Non-governmental organizations that are concerned with environmental issues
- Individuals environmentalists willing to make a positive and significant change
- Their interests
- Living in a clean environment free of pollutants
- Reducing the emission of greenhouse gases
- Noting the culprits responsible for the increase in greenhouse emissions, which include individuals, companies and organizations
- Actions taken by stakeholders
- They have taken it upon themselves to bring to the attention of the relevant authorities the effects of greenhouse gas emissions
- They have educated the public on various issues concerning the environment
- They have assisted in the formulation of policies and legislature regarding greenhouse effects and other related matters.
- Development of various policies concerning the issue
A. Current status of the issue
- The United States emits more greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, more than any other country (White, 2008)
- Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases were recognized as air pollutants in 2009 by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- Introduction of a mandatory cap-and-trade system (Rahm, 2010).
B. Proposed resolutions
- The American Recovery Act to allocate money to fund renewable energy and energy efficient projects.
- Laws to be put in place that are aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2020 (Rabe, 2010).
Hyndman, D., & Hyndman, D. (2008). Natural hazards and disasters. Independence, KY: Cengage learning
Mines, O. R., & Lackey, L. (2009). Introduction to environmental engineering. Denver, CO: Prentice Hall
Rabe, G. B. (2010). Greenhouse governance: Addressing climate change in America. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Rahm, D. (2010). Climate change policy in the United States. McFarland: McFarland Publishers.
Sullivan, B. J., & Krieger, R. G. (2001). Clinical environmental health and toxic exposures. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
White, E. J. (2008). Contemporary moral problems. Cengage Learning: Independence, KY.