Human Trafficking in Russia
The articles ‘Russia’s sex slave industry thrives, rights groups say’, ‘Human Rights Quarterly’, ‘Human Trafficking in Russia: Perspectives from Law and Justice’ and ‘Human trafficking in the Russian Federation: an examination of the anti-trafficking efforts of the federal government, non-governmental organizations and the International Organization for Migration’ all provide information about the social evil of human trafficking. Human trafficking is the illegal sale, exportation or importation of human beings with or without their consent aimed at making money. The activity mostly focuses on young girls and women who are more commonly sold to serve purposes of sex workers and domestic sex slaves. The illegal act started long before civilization where it took the form of slavery. This is where people were forcefully taken especially from Africa and other underdeveloped nations to go and work for little or no pay for mostly the Europeans. The articles more specifically centre their arguments around Russia and some European republics like Germany.
The first article, ‘Russia‘s sex slave industry thrives, rights groups say’ is about prostitution in the Russian capital, Moscow. The article gives a detailed account of how women have made the prostitution trade flourish by selling their bodies at prices ranging from $100 to $700 (Chance, 2008). Due to the booming business, women’s rights are being infringed by being forced into prostitution. Women’s rights activists and aid workers for such groups in the town say that the forced entrants into the illegal business are on the increase due to the boom of the Russian economy. The article gives an account of how the Russian police are faced with problems in dealing with the issue since their laws are not clearly defined and the country’s borders are virtually open. The human traffickers mostly take advantage of the dreams and ambitions of young girls and women seeking employment opportunities. The women are lured into the ‘lucrative’ trade by promises of beautiful and rich lives and education that are beyond the borders of their native countries. This makes it easy for the traffickers to prey on the innocent.
In the article ‘Human Rights Quarterly’, the author analyzes the book ‘Gender Violence in Russia: The Politics of Feminist Intervention’ by Janet Elise Johnson. The book is about feminists efforts in Russia aimed at combating gender violence. The author describes how Johnson conducts an extensive research on the issue for over a decade that leads to the book. The book is about is about the efforts made by women activists in Russia. The article talks about how Johnson acts as the main representative of the West on feminist activism in Russia against violence against women (Sundstrom, 2010). The article also shows how detailed Johnson’s book is explaining how different approaches were used by both American and Russian centers for crises for women and the problems the centers experience.
The article ‘Human Trafficking in Russia: Perspectives from Law and Justice’, is a report about the investigations carried out on issues involving human trafficking in Russia. The article gives law enforcement statistics on the issue, law and practice developments on human trafficking and the gains that the Russian law enforcement agency has acquired in the fight against human trafficking. The article also gives a case study of a human trafficker Vladimir M., who had once served in the Soviet armed forces as a petty officer before retiring and started the illegal trade (Abakumova et al., 2006). The article also gives the other offences he committed, the nature of his operations and the outcome of his trial. The article also gives an account of how the Russian government controls human trafficking including how victims are protected during the investigation of such cases. The article shows how the Russian government enforces the laws on human trafficking and how offenders are prosecuted.
The article ‘Human trafficking in the Russian Federation: an examination of the anti-trafficking efforts of the federal government, non-governmental organizations and the International Organization for Migration’ is a Master’s thesis written by Jennifer Ann Hartl about the issue of Human trafficking in Russia and the world. The paper analyses the global scale of the problem of human trafficking while determining its causes. One of the causes is given as globalization. Another is the poor differentiation between trafficked people and smuggled people (Hartl, 2010). Smuggled persons are those in collaboration with their smugglers to get them to a certain destination and their relationship ends at that point. The profit for the smuggler is drawn from the ferrying of the person. Trafficked persons are those coerced to go to another country and the profit for the trafficker is drawn from the sale or misuse of the person. The paper gives an extensive research on the issue and gives detailed conclusions.
Abakumova, I., Lukyanova, O., Lvovich, E., Sudakova, T., & Varpakhovskaya, E. (2006, November 8). Human Trafficking in Russia: Perspectives from Law and Justice. TraCCC’s Fall 2006 “Trafficking in Persons” Speaker Series.
Chance, M. (2008, July 18). Russia’s sex slave industry thrives, rights groups say. CNN World. Retrieved from http://articles.cnn.com/2008-07-18/world/russia.prostitution_1_prostitution-aid-agencies-moscow?_s=PM:WORLD
Hartl, J.A. (2010). Human trafficking in the Russian Federation: an examination of the anti-trafficking efforts of the federal government, non-governmental organizations and the International Organization for Migration. (Master’s Thesis), University of Iowa. Retrieved from http://ir.uiowa.edu/etd/682
Sundstrom, L. M. (2010, February). Gender Violence in Russia: The Politics of Feminist Intervention (review). Human Rights Quarterly, 32(1), 223-227.