Living in America
Many people emigrate from their home countries to the United States of America for different reasons. There are people who immigrate to the United States in search of better living standards while others go in search of employment and a more advanced form of education. There are some immigrants who move to the US illegally while others are their unlawfully. The legal immigrants to the United States live by the rules and regulations that guide the foreigners living in the United States. The foreigners are entitled to freedom, education, good health and fair wages in their places of work. These people living in the United States have better opportunities as compared to those living in their home countries. The immigrants in the United States gain in terms of a more advanced education system and they improve economically.
This can be illustrated in the diagram below. In the diagram, it is clear that the number of employees in Texas increased by 733,000 between 2005 and 2005. In addition the number of employees who are immigrants in Texas increased by more than 388,000 which was recorded as the second largest increment in the entire United States of America (Sum, et al., 2006).
Table Courtesy: Center for Immigration Studies, http://www.cis.org/articles/2006/back806.html
The chart below illustrates the difference in the number of immigrants working in the United States of America and the veterans of the country. It is evident from the chart that the number of immigrants exceeds the number of the American employees. (Center for Immigration Studies, 1994).
This is more advantageous to the United States Government for it spends less money on paying wages for the employees who are immigrants from the developing countries. The presence of the immigrants in America has also led to a decline in price levels of certain commodities like fruits and vegetables. They have also appreciated the value of the American properties such as housing and land. The chart below illustrates the increase in value of other resources in the United States as the wage price decreases. In the diagram, the blue line indicates the wage rate whereas the pink line represents the other resources that are available in the economy such as land and housing (Castles, 2004).
The presence of these immigrants can benefit the economy of the United States in terms of invention and innovation. As a result, it will be beneficial not only to the immigrants but also to all the Americans. This will improve the living standards of the American residents. In the graph below, it shows the negative effect that a decline in the immigrants had in the US where the country experienced a recession.
These immigrants have ventured in entrepreneur activities, which are beneficial to the economy of the country. Some of the immigrants participate in the operation of their own business enterprises. For instance, it was discovered that the number of businesses that were owned by the Hispanians in the country, increased by approximately 1.6 million in the year 2002. The impact that these business had on the economy was an increase in the country’s revenue by $222. The Mexicans living in the United States of America have had a positive effect on the agricultural sector. This is because they introduced irrigation resulting to an increased productivity in the agricultural sector.
The Mexicans also provided labor in the American farms and because the workers were still young and energetic, their productivity increased tremendously. This increased the profitability in the agricultural sector for the workers from Mexican were paid low wages (Jasso & Rosenzweig, 2005).The immigrants are also taught on the cultural background of the Americans, which makes it easy in the adoption of the American culture. This as a result, leads to improvement in the communication skills of the immigrants. This plays a major role in cultural integration and adaptation. A more advanced form of education improves the immigrant’s communication skills and living standards, which are used to measure the success of an immigrant in the United States (Kritz, 2002).
The immigrants in the US are from different countries with different cultural backgrounds. The table below indicates the number of immigrants from different countries who have emigrated in the United States.
|Total all countries||605,793||61,207,884||7,338,062||4,493,314||3,321,677||2,515,479||1,035,039||38,290,443|
Below is an explanation of the numbers included in the graph above:
1. The countries that were established in World War 1 from other countries are included in the countries of their origin.
2. Until 1961, there was un-reported data for Austria-Hungary. Data from Austria and Hungary was recorded separately from 1905, before it was incorporated with Germany between the years 1938 to 1945.
3. Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro were first reported in 1899. Bulgaria went ahead and made its own reports in 1920. In the same year, Kingdom of Serbs, Slovenes and Croats and since 1922 it was recorded as Yugoslavia.
4. Norway was incorporated in Sweden between 1820 and 1868.
5. In 1899-1919, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia were incorporated.
6. Until 1880, there was lack of recorded information on immigration.
7. From 1931–63, the U.S.S.R. was broken down into European U.S.S.R. and Asian U.S.S.R. Since 1964, U.S.S.R. has been reported in Europe.
8. In early 1957, China was incorporated in Taiwan.
9. Until 1861, there were no records on immigration.
10. From 1934, Asia incorporated the Philippines; before 1934, recorded in separate tables as insular travel.
11. Indicates the possessions of the British, North Americans between 1820 and 1898.
12. Lack of information on immigrants between the year, 1886 and 1893.
13. Shows unspecified countries prior to 1925.
14. Indicates the 32,897 persons returning to their homes from the US in 1906.
The social and economic mobility is connected to the educational experience and success that the immigrants get from their stay in the United States. The Indians benefit from the Americans by cultivating on their land. This is because they are known to be the best Asians to have developed both economically and academically. Despite the fact that they were the last Asian immigrants in the United States, they grew drastically for they had knowledge in English. They also have good knowledge on technology. This enables them to be in a position to compete with the Caucasians. The Indians are willing to retain their social heritage (Krugman, 2003).
With such considerations in mind, it becomes important for any individual to consider whether or not to move and eventually live in the United States. Most immigrants have to contend with working in odd jobs while leaving the so-called white-collar jobs for the Caucasian natives. The problems for immigrants are further increased as a result of them not having the necessary documents to live in the United States. Most immigrants enter the country illegally and therefore have to contend with working in industries that are beyond the direct scrutiny of the government. They are, in most cases, underpaid and usually have to survive in low wages and multiple jobs to make ends meet.
In addition to poor working conditions, most illegal immigrants have to live in less than average conditions and in neighborhoods that are usually unsafe. They have to contend with violence, which is far from what they bargained for when they went to live in the United States. However, most are usually motivated by the potential for improvement, as the opportunities offered by the country are immense. At the same time, the conditions that force them to leave their home countries are usually far worse than what they experience in the United States. For most, going back is not an option that they consider and as such, it is far easier to struggle for a better life in the United States.
In conclusion, it can be drawn that there are immigrants who take their life in America as a dream while other immigrants regret to have come to the United States. They take it as a dream because to them, being in the United States has improved their living standards and the others feel that they are in unfamiliar land. The number of the immigrants to the United States has gone up to the extent that the government is limiting the number of people immigrating to their country. This is due to the increment in the number of immigrants living in the United States, as the job opportunities are also limited. Living in the US has it advantage and disadvantages. This is because a person living in the US has higher chances of improving life as compared to remaining in one’s homeland. However, living in the United States has its limitation, for instance, the government cutting off the benefits from low-income earners who have qualified for the Medicaid.
Castles, S. (2004). Migration: Population Movement in the United States. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) (1994). Immigration-Related Statistics—1994. Retrieved from http://www.cis.org/articles/1994/back194.htm
Dalla, R., Ellis, A., & Cramer, S. (2005). Immigration and Rural America. Community, Work & Family. 8(2), 163-185. doi: 10.1080/13668800500049639.
Jasso, G. & Rosenzweig, M. (2005). Immigrants in the United States. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Kritz, M. (2002). U.S Immigration. Michigan: University of Michigan.
Krugman, P. (2003). United States Economy. California: Addison-Wesley.
Sum, A., Harrington, P & Khatiwada, I, (2006). The Impact of New Immigrants on Young Native-Born Workers, 2000-2005. Center for Immigration Studies, http://www.cis.org/articles/2006/back806.html