Migrating to Canada
Name of the Student:
1. What are the biggest challenges that immigrants face during the journey to Upper and Lower Canada in the 1820s through the 1840s. What are the challenges once they arrive in the new country?
The journey to Canada was very difficult for the immigrants as many of them were either incapacitated by or killed by different sicknesses. in 1832 for example, more than one hundred people died from cholera on one ship that was ferrying immigrants to Canada. In the second document which is a letter by John Capling to his brother, he informs his brother that two children died on their way to Canada. In document 3, the writer of the letter says that his wife was sick from the whooping cough and later died of scarlet fever. The writer of document 4 says that he was sick with fever and ague on his way to Canada.
Once they arrived in the new country, some people fell sick and died. The writer of document 2 says that his wife and his four children all died in a span of eight days after arriving in Canada. Immigrants are also disappointed by the poor roads, bad houses and hard labor that awaited them in the new country. The extreme weather of the new country also troubles people.
2. Based on the information in the documents, was it better to arrive with money or with possessions?
According to document 2, it was better to arrive with money than possessions. The writer of the letter tells his brother not to bring possessions but money. This is because he says that things were as cheap as they were in England, sometimes cheaper. The writer of document 3 says that “money to be sure is not plentiful here”. Carrying money would not only reduce the luggage that one was carrying on the ship, it would be more useful in the new country.
3. Given the hardships described in some of these documents, why were people willing to emigrate?
In spite of the hardships in the journey and upon settlement, people were still willing to emigrate because of the promise of a good life as the years progressed in the new country. According to document 2, there was a lot of land in the new country. Document 1 asserts that with time, the new immigrants got used to the new environment, got comfortable and started making wealth.
Thorner, T. (1997). “A few acres of snow”: Documents in Canadian history, 1577-1867. Peterborough, Ont: Broadview Press. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=WajWxsRB1_AC&pg=PA72&lpg=PA72&dq=A+Few+Acres+of+Snow+chapter+5&source=bl&ots=Dl1fDtRhms&sig=oubbIkCYEvWCej8Cbo-u5Dqt_Zk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3xmcUovRJNHQ7Abu5oHoDw&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=A%20Few%20Acres%20of%20Snow%20chapter%205&f=false
Bell, W. (1824). Hints to emigrants: In a series of letters from Upper Canada. Edinburgh: Printed for Waugh & Innes.
Brown, F. M., Birmingham City Museum and Art Gallery., & American Library Color Slide Company. (1990). The last of England. New York: American Library Color Slide Co.