Online therapy involves the stipulation of psychological health care through the Internet. It has helped many people because it is easily accessible and it covers a wider range of people in a short period. Many people nowadays use online therapy in seeking mental health solutions rather than face-to-face therapy. It is regarded as the new development technique in which patients acquire information about their mental illness. This kind of therapy is carried out through video conferences, charts, Internet phone conservations and e-mails. Online therapy is viewed nowadays as an effective means through which patients utilize Internet sources in order to obtain guidance and cancelling from the mental health professions about their mental problems. Therefore, there are diverse resources that address the same problems of online therapy including panic, anxiety, increased posttraumatic stress and eating disorders.
In a study article of Cyber Psychology & Behavior, it was reported that online therapy has sparkled profusion of interest in the field of health care provision (Cook and Carol, 2002). The authors analyze the research carried out a bout online therapy and that of traditional methods in treating the mental illness. It was found out that many patients in the contemporary society utilize online therapy giving their views that this method is effective and is easily accessible. However, the empirical research carried out on this type of treatment reveals that this method is subjected to diverse problems. It was found out that the computer mediated therapy have led to increased posttraumatic stress disorder, panic and anxiety (Cook and Carol, 2002). Consequently, the authors reveal that it difficult to build strong therapeutic relationships between the doctors and patients. This is because of absence of nonverbal signs thus therapists may find it difficult to provide adequate mental health care.
In the article, Disadvantages of counseling or therapy by email, the author points out that even though online therapy is considered effective and easily accessible, there are other associated problems with it. These problems are experienced especially when the machines break down thus it will be difficult for patients to access the information easily. Moreover, there is lack of visual contacts between the patients and psychological councilors. This may lead to biasness of the information and it may be difficult for patients to question the health care providers especially in the case of video conferences. In addition, there is lack of privacy because the patient may send information to health care providers and sometimes it may be read by anyone in the office. Consequently, it lacks facial expressions, which is essential means of understanding the way a patient feels and it is essential in mental treatment (Mulhauser, 2011).
In addition, Mulhauser (2011) comments that when there are a network problems or technical difficulties, patients will experience information delay on the kind of treatment required. This may contribute to other problems such as stress because patients may be worried that their information was not delivered or it may have been ignored. Moreover, the condition of the patient may worsen because of the delayed treatment information. Mostly, this kind of treatment is subjected to misunderstandings or misinterpretations of the information. Thus, the physicians may sometimes end up giving wrong prescriptions on the kind of treatment effective for their clients. Therefore, the patients are being hurt when they have not achieved what they wanted unlike the doctors because for them, they have already been paid for the services.
The article, online therapy: Review of relevant definitions, debates, and current empirical support addresses the potential strengths, limitations and ethical issues of this type of therapy (Rochlen, Zack and Speyer, 2004). The authors reveal that online therapy has led to increased debate over the advantages and disadvantages of using this method. There are ethical cases that have been raised whether it good to disclose the information a bout health care to the public. The relevant studies between online therapy and face-to-face method were evaluated. It was found out that the major problem that occurs in online therapy is through computer-aided problems. Even though this method covers a wider range of patients globally within a short time, it can also make many patients who depend on this method to suffer psychologically.
In another article of Cyber Psychology & Behavior, the author analyzes the main issues in the discussions acknowledging online therapy (Griffiths, 2005). He provides a brief overview of various websites that are commonly used as an illustration of different online therapy available nowadays. Many people have argued on the issues of online therapy as an effective means of mental health care provision unlike face-to-face method. However, diverse problems have been raised on this type of treatment over the face-to-face method. Griffiths (2005) expresses his view toward the issue of online therapy. He comments that many people depending on this method have developed panic disorders, headaches and eating disorders. This is because online therapy is subjected to delayed information that may be sometimes caused by machinery breakdown. Even though online therapy is regarded as the best methods especially the use of e-emails, there are challenges that sometimes results which have left many patients with many unanswerable questions.
In conclusion, online therapy is an effective means of treatment and it is commonly used in the modern society but it is associated with the problems including panic, anxiety, increased posttraumatic stress and eating disorders. Various literature resources indicate that the online therapy has led to increased posttraumatic stress disorders. This is because of delayed delivery of information that mostly occurs when there is breakdown of machinery. Griffiths reveals that the delayed delivery of information may lead problem, this is what Cook and Carol advocates in their article. Consequently, Rochlen, Zack and Speyer reveal that online therapy has led to increased debate over the advantages and disadvantages of using this method. They point out that there are ethical issues should be followed and the doctors are not supposed to disclose the information to the public. Lastly, Mulhauser notes that technical difficulties will make patients to experience information delay on the kind of treatment required.
Cook, J. E & Carol, D. (2002). Cyber Psychology & Behavior. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/109493102753770480
Dionne, M. (2007). Advantages and disadvantages of online counseling. Woodridge. Retrieved from http://crisis-management.bestmanagementarticles.com/a-2116-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-online-counseling.aspx
Evans, J. (2009). Online counseling and guidance skills: a resource for trainees and practitioners. New York, NY: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Flemming, L. E. (2010). Reading Keys. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Griffiths, M. (2005). Cyber Psychology & Behavior. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/cpb.2005.8.555
Mulhauser, G. (2011). Disadvantages of counseling or therapy by email. Counseling Resource. Retrieved from http://counsellingresource.com/lib/therapy/service/online-disadvantages/
Mulhauser, G. (2011). Hints, Tips and Caveats for effective email communication. Counseling Resource. Retrieved from http://counsellingresource.com/lib/therapy/service/hints-tips-caveats/
Rochlen, A. B., Zack, J. S. and Speyer, C. (2004). Online therapy: Review of relevant definitions, debates, and current empirical support. Wiley online library. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jclp.10263/citedby
Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, Vol 33(2), Apr 2002, 148-154. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.33.2.148