Revolution of Women in Islam
For a long time in the Islamic religion and tribe, women used to play the second fiddle to men. Despite the diversity of marriages, women held no power in the Islamic tribe and were never allowed to have full access especially to economic resources (Sidani 501). To support the above fact, the situations were worse up to a point that the birth of a baby girl was not received well in the society nor was it ever celebrated compared to the opposite sex counterparts. The main theme of this discussion is based on the gender and plight of women in the Islam society. Discussion is based on three focal factors; marriage, war and religion. The three factors are critically analyzed as they evolved and changed through period of time, different reigns and their contribution in changing the position and state of a woman in the Arabic Society.
Despite the Arabic society banning the infanticide, the action did not solve the whole issue as purported. I tend to agree with the author that much deserved to be done to revolutionize the stateof women in this society. Two contradicting scenarios are represented in this discussion. The first two wives of Prophet Muhammad had greater differences. The first wife was widowed woman much older and wealthier than him while the second wife was a young girl believed to be less than ten years. Considering the fact that the girls never had any right in marriage matters,it is ambiguous who oppressed the other. The young girl could have been oppressed through early marriage, but the case could be different with the wealthy widow. Growth and development of Mecca during the fifth and sixth century is thought to be one of the factors that led to change of Islamic culture. Before then marrying, divorcing and remarrying was a custom in the Islamic tribe. Polyandrous and polygyny form of marriage were the most common in this society. Things seemed to change when Prophet Muhammad undertook the ministry work. He advocated for the end of ‘Zina’, adultery a take that was not well perceived by men. Indeed, I support that this was one of the best weapons that was appropriate in combating this issue.Legalizing monotheism as the only recognized type of marriage and banning all the other types of marriages in Arabic helped to combat sexuality. It is evident that during the period of Muslim rise parents in the Islamic setting used to position marriages for their daughters and sons as supported by Aisha marriage saga.After Muhammad received his first revelation, the first individual to be transformed was a woman (Ahmed 54). This served as an encouragement not only to her clan but to the whole society. Migration of Muslims from Mecca to Medina helped in embracement of prophet Muhammad teachings and the new proposed laws.
Settling in Medina seemed to mend and solve the plight of women in Islam. Unlike in Mecca, here women had a say and were even entitled to have a share of what men owned. Moreover, it is in the same place that women started getting involved in war and real battle affairs. Previously, women were not allowed to fight but they just encouraged men and attended those who sustained injuries. However, introduction of seclusion rule by Prophet Muhammad was a contradiction since it curtailed women involvement in communal matters, an act that was thought to be a steptowards women revolution. I tend to disagree with the author on the argument that Islam was all about politics and religion. I feel that Islam was customary based and most of the things were adopted from the Arabic culture. To support this discussion,clothing mode of the Islamist women was also a major discussion point. Indeed, veiling did not start with Prophet Mohammad, but even in the Qur’an is cited that women should protect their secretive parts. Two years before Muhammad death, Islam attacked Mecca and forced the community to transform to Muslims. However, what was more notable was the revolution against the initiated Islam lead by a woman after Muhammad death. This can be termed as an indication of how women were ready and eager to rise to leadership. After Muhammad tenure, came the Umar reign. His supremacy started with controversies where he installed a male Imam as opposed to the female choice of Muhammad (Ahmed 70). In the early Arabic society, Women took part in religion affairs. Indeed, women opinions were highly considered in spiritual matters. Both Hadith and Qur’an have tried to balance between the two genders. To support this in different incidences, they talk about men and women but not the male gender only.
To sum up, Islamic women revolution has been a process that was faced by many challenges. Despite all, limiting factors, Islamic women revolved mostly in war, marriage and religious related matters to earn equality. Even in the Holy Qur’an equality between men and women has been highlighted. This reading is of prerequisite importance since it is an educative tool especially to the Islamic women in order to understand the journey to their independence.
Ahmed, Leila. Women and gender in Islam: Historical roots of a modern debate. London, UK: Yale University Press, 1992. Print.
Sidani, Yusuf. “Women, work, and Islam in Arab societies.” Women in Management Review 20.7 (2005): 498-512. Print.