Running head: 2010 DIESEL EMISSIONS

2010 Diesel Emissions

 

 

 

 

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2010 Diesel Emissions

In the world today, there have been emission standards that have been established as part of the requirement that puts specific limits to the amount of pollutants that can be emitted into the environment. A variety of emission standards are concerned with the process of regulating pollutants produced by automobiles such as cars and other powered vehicles. In addition, these standards have the mandate to regulate emissions produced by industries, power plants, and small equipments such as diesel generators (United Nations, 2007).

Diesel fuel specifications have been tight since the 1980s in order to meet the requirements of environmental standards and ensure compatibility with diesel engine technology. For instance, use of sulfur aromatics and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons has been limited. The pressure to reduce emissions from diesel engines has been enhanced by the ever-increasing air quality problems in the environment. Therefore, the 2010 emissions ensured that there was a total reduction of road diesel levels of sulfur to 10ppm.

The 2010 emissions influenced the diesel engine technology in that the engine technology field was challenged to establish even cleaner diesel engine solutions to meet with the requirements of the Environmental Protection Agency’s new emission standards. For instance, the use of diesel oxidation catalysts in converting the soluble organic fraction of diesel particulate matter into carbon dioxide and water was employed as an efficient way to achieve at least 20% to 45% overall particulate reduction. Since the enactment of the 2010 emission regulations, only approved technologies are in use. For instance, all producers, particularly those dealing with European markets, have shown that they could employ the usage of selective catalyst reduction in order to reduce the oxides of nitrogen emissions (NOx) from tail pipe emissions. Selective catalyst reduction (SCR) system has been viewed as a proven system that could control nitrogen oxide emissions from the largest stationary diesel engines.

In order to meet the 2010 emission regulations, the Diesel Technology organization was established to help in creating awareness concerning the economic importance of diesel engine technology. According to this organization, clean diesel technology comprises of low sulfur diesel fuel, low releasing diesel engines, and improved emissions control techniques. Therefore, selective catalyst reduction system was developed in the last category to be used as automotive engine technology. It was adopted during the 2010 emission regulations to assist manufacturers meet the strict air quality standards. Therefore, through the 2010 emission regulations, the diesel engine technology was improved and required to manufacture systems that decreased emissions.

The 2010 emission regulations also fostered the use of Blue Tec Technology by the Detroit diesel engines as a way of meeting the Environment Protection Agency’s requirements. The technology was considered the best and most affordable by most people. This diesel engine technology has been able to meet the strict nitrogen oxide standards for large and heavy-duty diesel engines. The technology also helps in reducing the consumption of diesel fuel consumption compared to other technology that was in use earlier in 2007 engines (Transportation Research Board, 2010). The availability of diesel exhaust fluid or urea was also enhanced after the development of the 2010 emissions regulations. Additional efforts were employed to ensure that there was enough availability of urea to help meet the needs of all consumers at all times. The regulations also required that marine auxiliary engines should use marine diesel fuels that have reduced sulfur content.

The 2010 emissions regulations also enhanced production of alternative fuel formulation and demonstrations to show that the effects of the emissions were similar, or much better. By 2010, most countries worldwide with high diesel consumption were forced to shift to standards similar to those in place currently in countries such as the United States, Germany and France.  Since the enactment of the 2010 emissions regulation by the Environment Protection Agency, no heavy-duty diesel engine has been found releasing high levels of nitrogen oxide over 2grams per brake horsepower-hour (Sean, 2009). This has been the strictest regulation adopted especially in Europe. Other alternatives that have been employed and tested require the use of more exhaust gas circulation that builds more heat rejection and high engine degradation, resulting in diesel fuel penalties in the economy.

The 2010 emissions control was motivated by various policies and overseen by the Environment Protection Agency. Through these emission regulations and standards, vehicle emissions have been reduced to almost zero levels. Although the standards have been spread out to give time for the development and commercialization of emission control technologies, they have also developed significant and complex challenges to communication, research and purchase planning.

Conclusion

Having identified diesel particulate matter as a toxic air pollutant in early 1998, the Air force board established a comprehensive measure to help control diesel emissions. The strategy involved the risk reduction plan to reduce particulate matter emissions from diesel fueled engines and vehicles. The strategy aimed at reducing emissions released from diesel engine technology. All these strategies were set by the 2010 emissions standards, which helped in improving environmental air quality. For this reason, 2010 emissions had a great influence on diesel engine technology, which led to positive and improved manufacturing processes in the field.

 

References

Sean, B. (2009). Modern Diesel Technology: Diesel Engines. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.

Transportation Research Board. (2010). Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. Los Angeles, CA: National Academies Press.

United Nations. (2007). Strategies and policies for air pollution abatement: 2006 review prepared under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. United Nations Publications.

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