Tracing a Real Bill from Beginning to End

A bill is a proposed law that is considered under the legislations. It does not become a law unless the legislature has passed it and then approved by the executive members and committee members in the Senate. Once the bills have been ratified by the law, they become an act or otherwise a statute. Mostly, the bill is applied in the United States and the commonwealth countries. Bills are mostly introduced by the legislature members in the common House or Senate and they are introduced by the executive members. They are eventually tabled in the Senate for further clarification. There are mechanisms that allow legislature members to introduce those bills and the subject is debated until an agreement is reached. Therefore, the bill of rights is one of the real bills of rights that can be traced from the beginning of its proposal up to the end of it is ratification.

The real bill of rights is one of the ten amendments in the United States. It was introduced by James Madison in the first congress of United States in 1789. Madison submitted his proposal to the congress in June 1789. The congress held a meeting in the New York City on fourth of March to tackle on this issue the following year. The Senate and House of representative members assembled in another congress in the US to propose on this bill. The proposed amendments in the meeting held in New York did not pas the bill of rights. Another congress was held by the delegates from the nine states of America in Philadelphia. It was ratified in December 1791, in the Senate meeting in Philadelphia after undergoing a series of legislative process.

The bill of rights was sponsored by Madison in the congress and much of the work was done by him. The congress helped him to include the additional constitutional rights and then included it as one of the first ten amendments in the same year when it was ratified. Despite the federalist papers, many delegates from different states of the US agreed to amend the constitution based on the ground that the lists of undeniable rights and freedom were included. The congress promised to fulfill their promise of doing so and later in 1971, they produced a draft of the bill of rights. However, much of the work was left to Madison who was the sponsor of this bill of rights. The congress added these rights in the constitution making it to become a real bill in the US.

The committees or the sub-committees that had jurisdiction over this real bill were several congresses from the senate or the house as the whole. The senate received considerable suggestions from the full body. They later moved forward and sometimes it failed to consider this bill at all thus hindering the bill from moving ahead. This bill did not receive any considerations from the committee and sometimes it was not reported out. The bill started from the House committees and was forwarded to the senate committees, after which it was passed by the House and received by the Senate.

During the meeting of the sub-committees, some disagreements arose between the federalists and anti-federalists. They were not satisfied with this amendment and they feared that the bill of rights would destroy their freedom. Most of those who strongly argued during the congress were the poor class of people from the western part of the US. These included members like Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry and other anti- federalists. Some additions were included in the bill of rights. These include freedom of speech, religion and press and assembly.

Nine of the thirteen states in the United States were called to ratify this bill at the special conventions, which elected some powerful representatives from the government sectors including the president, lawmakers and the members of parliaments. The delegates who were present in the senate held a debate on whether this new bill could be passed or not. The federalists favored this bill and the strong central government including the wealthier people in the US, the educated elites in America including George Washington, Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, and Madison among many other members. Not all members who were called to testify this bill accepted the article of passing the constitution especially the anti-federalists.


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