Preamble. A detailed explanation on the aim and purpose of the constitiution——- 2
Article 1. The organs of goverment vested with the poweres of legislature— 2
Article 2. The roles and duties of the judicial system——– 4
Article 3. Liability of the goverment to past decisions——– 4
Article 4. The process pertaining to the ammendment of the constitution— 4
Article 5. The rights and freeodms of the citizens– 5
The people of this nation have come to an agreement on the set of rules that are going to govern the nation in what will be considered as a free and fair manner. The main aim of the constitution is to encourage unity, ensure the fair distribution of the nation’s resources, defend, and protect the general rights of the citizens of this nation (Heineman 102).
The people have vested all the powers of enacting any legal bills and rules to the congress. The congress will be composed of two distinct groups. The first is the senate and the second will be the House of Representatives. The president shall be chief of the general assembly, commander in chief of the armed forces and the head and supervisor of all government institutions and affairs. He shall have the power of convening and disbanding the senate, declare war and officiate both public and government meetings together with declaring national holidays. He shall execute all his duties in accordance with the constitution, which reigns supreme.
The ruling government shall be a democratic government. This means that it shall be of the people, by the people and for the people. All the political officials shall be sworn into office after they have been duly elected by the people. The citizens shall be equal before the government and shall have the right to engage in any election process. Each citizen shall be entitled to one vote (Petri & Cynthia 29).
The House of Representatives will include persons who will represent their respective states in the enactment of laws. The members shall be elected by the citizens of their respective states. One term of service for these members shall be three years long and shall be eligible for subsequent for re-election. Eligibility for election for the prospective candidate will entail the following. The person must be of at least twenty-five years old, declared to be of sound mind, not bankrupt and having no criminal background (Skach 35).
The House of Representatives shall equally represent the people in the general proceedings. To ensure this, the states shall be represented by persons in accordance with the state’s total population. The states that have high population shall have more representatives in the house than those that exhibit low population counts. Another reason to this is that the states with the most citizens end up paying the most taxes.
A position will be declared vacant by the chairperson after one of the members has been declared bankrupt, resigns or is charged in a court of law. The chairperson shall then declare and set a date for a by election to replace the vacant seat. The current running electoral body shall convene and run the election in a free and fair manner. The senate is the next group that is given legislative powers by the constitution and the general citizens. It shall be made up senators, senate officials and a chairperson.
Only three senators shall represent a given state irrespective of the size or population of the state. One term for the senators shall run for five years after which elections shall be conducted for the election of new senators or the re-election of the same. A seat in the in the senate shall be declared vacant by the chairperson incase of the following. If the seat is nullified by a court of law due to election irregularities, the senator is declared bankrupt by a court of law, resigns or is declared to be of unstable mind.
Those eligible for running for senator shall meet the following criteria: they shall be of at least twenty-five years old, are legal citizens of this nation and have spent their last two years in the respective state, be of sound mind and of upright morals (Giddens 124).
The nation shall establish a judicial system that will be charged with the duties of mitigating and making judgments on all legal matters. They are endeared with the duty of interpreting the set law and punish any form of criminal activity endeared in breaking of the set law. The judicial system shall comprise the supreme court of appeal, the court of appeal, the high court and the magistrate’s court. The final word shall remain with the supreme court of appeal. This court however, will mainly deal with pertinent issues that concern the interpretation of the constitution. It shall also hold hearings for cases where the concerned parties are not satisfied by the decision of the high court. The judges’ positions shall be protected by a security of tenure. This means that they shall thereby serve all their lives as long as their conduct is within the set law.
The government shall be liable for all the debts that have accrued prior to the promulgation of this constitution. The government is bound to honor any pledges, contracts and agreements that it had been signatory to prior to the promulgation of this constitution. The constitution shall be the supreme law of the land. It will be supported by the enacted bills and that are in accordance with it without any contradiction. Before any state official takes his or her position, he or she shall swear to uphold and defend the constitution. The constitution and the set laws shall guide the judges and magistrates in making decisions pertaining to court cases (Sobel & Denise 254).
Since this constitution was made by man, it is bound to have flaws. This article therefore provides for the amendment of the constitution in order to improve its main purpose and duty. The constitution can be changed when at least two thirds of the congress deems it necessary to make certain adjustments to it. The congress shall then write up the necessary changes and present them to the respective states. The states shall then convene meetings to discuss on the importance and necessity of the set changes. The states shall then vote on whether they agree or disagree with the set changes. The set changes shall then be ratified and entrenched in the constitution when at least seventy-five percent of the states agree with the changes (Barnett
& Robert 158)
The citizens shall exercise their rights and freedoms within the borders of the land but only in accordance with the constitution. Every person shall have the right and of expression, religion and press. The government shall not bar anyone from affiliating or joining any religion that one chooses. Every religion is equal before the government and the government shall therefore not favor any religion than another. Every citizen has the right to express his feelings of either approval or disapproval with any issue pertaining to life. The government shall therefore not bar anyone from expressing oneself.
Every citizen shall have the right to bear arms and have this right defended by state. This will be for security and self-defense purposes. The persons shall also have the right to use these weapons for sporting activities and leisure. The constitution bars the congress from enacting any law that prevents the citizens from exercising this right. The constitution shall also prevent the citizens from being exposed to unwarranted Search and Seizures on them or their premises. The state officials shall not have the right conduct unreasonable searches on the peoples’ bodies, premises, papers and property.
Any search and seizure that is conducted by the state must be warranted by the court of law. The court of laws will only allow the persons to be searched or assets seized when there is substantial evidence and reason for conducting the search or seizure. Every citizen shall be entitled to the right for a speedy trial for a crime that on e has been accused. The accused person shall have the right of being notified of his accusations, and see the witnesses against him. He shall not be prejudiced prior to his sentencing and shall be given a free and fair trial without any conflict of interests whatsoever.
The accused shall have the right to defend him against any accusation presented against him. He shall have the privilege of presenting any witness for his defense and compel them to appear in court. The accused has the right to a free and fair trial, he shall not be obliged to pay a large amount of bail before his trial, be subjected to an inhumane or cruel sentencing. The citizens shall have the following rights: right to proper Health care. The state shall ensure that there is equal and fair distribution of health services and facilities thereby making them accessible to the populace.
The citizens shall have the right to proper housing. The government shall ensure that the necessity for humanity of shelter shall be provided to the citizens. The government shall invest in housing projects as a means to ensure proper and affordable housing is provided to the citizens. The citizens shall be entitled to the right to reasonable sanitation. Health issues are a danger to any economy. The constitution recognizes that most health issues can be avoided through proper sanitation. The government shall therefore be compelled by the constitution to provide proper sanitation to all its citizens. The citizens shall be entitled to the right and freedom from hunger and adequate food. The government shall ensure that the populace is properly fed. The government shall establish measures of averting drought and invest in food storage facilities in the event of catastrophes.
Barnett, Hilaire, & Robert Jago. Constitutional & Administrative Law. Florence, KY: Taylor & Francis, 2011. Print.
Giddens, Anthony. The constitution of society: outline of the theory of structuration. California: University of California Press, 1986. Print.
Heineman, Robert. Political Science: College Course Paperbacks Series. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional, 1995. Print.
Petri, Michael and Cynthia Azarcon. Democracy and Action. 2nd Ed. Dubuque: Kendall, 2009. Print.
Skach, Cindy. Borrowing constitutional designs: constitutional law in Weimar Germany and the French Fifth Republic. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005. Print.
Sobel, Syl & Denise Gilgannon. The U.S. Constitution and you. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, 2001. Print.