Teamwork in Toyota Limited Company
Teamwork is the collaborative effort of the various employees within the organization, with the various team leaders being chosen among the most experienced employees within the organization. The method has been improvised in the Toyota Limited company where the company treats the company employees who have gained experience within the company as an asset. The company believes that the employees are the only competitive power within the market. The organization’s challenge in the implementation process is a lengthy procedure before the company gains full implementation. The teamwork based approach is often ridiculed by various individuals under-delivering on the brackets of the only few who are working tirelessly for the group to achieve the company set goals. The in-cooperation of human resource management ethical practices within the organization might be of great importance in implementing its approach. Trust is a significantly important aspect of human resource management.
Teamwork among Toyota Company Employees
Teamwork in a workplace is defined as the collaborative effort to complete a specific task or achieve a goal effectively and efficiently. Within the group, the individuals are interdependent, and thus, through their combined effort, they are expected to deliver a specific goal. The team’s size differs from one organization to another and depends on the type of task they have been assigned to undertake. Qamruzzaman and Karim (2020) state that in every team there must contain a team leader who is the overseer of the other subordinate members and also gives instructions as directed from the management and is answerable for any query that might arise therein within his or her group (Liker and Hoseus 2010). Through this method, the operation costs reduce while the organization’s productivity still increases, as discussed below. In Toyota Limited Company, this type of management has been improvised within various departments to reduce the operational costs and increase productivity despite the various operational issues that the system is likely to encounter as the company seeks to realize the goals and objectives.
Toyota manufacturing and assembling company has contemplated using the team-based approach to improve its products and detect various employees’ prevention. It is usually very efficient in assigning teams to be responsible for the role of finding and solving problems, finding product defects, and reinstating the disciplinary procedures at the moment (Liker and Hoseus 2010). The method works efficiently, though partly since the individuals whose services have been eliminated by the efficiency are not laid off but are mostly assigned to the production department partly to increase growth. Each team is under the leader’s management, where they are chosen among the individuals who have relatively longer work experience within the company (Liker and Hoseus 2010). The method is an advantage as the people are free, and since they are empowered, they bring the skills they possessed outside the plant to work. This is because the individuals have the knowhow to do the job and therefore they do it better than individuals who could be hired for such a position without the experience. The team leader is the crucial member as they help set the productivity, unlike the supervisors who more into handling discipline alone (Qamruzzaman, and Karim 2020). Therefore, this reduces the cost of the hiring of the actions that were once handled by the supervisors as they can also call in the skilled trades for any repairs or changes.
As the Toyota Limited Company is contemplating using, the team-based approach is out-challenged by various training issues as it seeks to reduce costs and increase the productivity rate. Toyota is challenged by the delay in the implementation of the approach. The period between the initiation is likely to take a minimum of two years for it to be able to reach full implementation. The approach also requires periodic evaluation of the team’s effectiveness in the realignment with the set objectives. Since the approach relies more on the team effort than an individual, the approach is more likely to face biasness challenge during the rewarding performance period (Liker and Hoseus 2010). This, therefore, threatens the company with the challenge of motivating the employees as one is keener on avoiding biasness in the reward, which might spring up some conflicts within the organization employees who might feel unappreciated (Lyon, English and Smith 2018). Implementing individual team-based decisions also leads the method to encourage the individuals to turn up on the contribution of the next more giant company’s idea even when the committee feels the change is minor or will contribute less to the final product. Some of the employees don’t deliver using this approach as some may be hanging behind some of the team leaders without being productive within the team (Qamruzzaman, and Karim 2020). Therefore, the approach demands a higher modified procedure to avoid the overburdening either the team leader who carries the burden of delivery of the unmet goals and objectives in case the other team members’ defaults in their obligation.
In contrast, others cannot deliver under team but on personal task location (Lyon, English and Smith 2018). The regular training always required before the already available employees could fully understand the managerial activities is sometimes costly. The promoted managerial employee is challenged with the innovation within the new tasks since he lacks the knowledge and skills he has already acquired as a leader and thus requires repeated training if there is a new amendment within the managerial part (Qamruzzaman Karim 2020).
Certain Human Resource Developmental accepted practices mighty be in cooperated with this method. The process should be subjected to indirect labor to direct labor ratios to achieve the much-anticipated success. The company may be subjected to lean methods of eliminating the waste even during the human resource hiring process (Liker and Hoseus 2010). The company also views how the team members are developed as the organization’s only major competitive factor. Toyota lowers the inventory just like other companies but with the objective; thus, in case of a slight deviation from the standard, the company uses the same individuals who have noticed the deviation to immediately address the issue before it can escalate to a level of halting the production process. Liker and Hoseus (2010) assert that to implement the process thoroughly, the company follows the procedure of using the problem detectors and problem solvers within the management to help achieve the set goals. Therefore, the team leaders are selected among the more experienced workers. The latter requires minimal training on some top leadership management instead of evading this method’s use as the management is fully trained as a worker and has experience in the leadership (Lyon, English and Smith 2018). This is so developed since, in the teamwork, people can identify the various deviations. As it is their responsibility to solve it, members within thereby learn and get stronger together. The company’s first vice president, trust within the company, is vital within the Human resource department, which then offers problem-solving power (Lyon, English and Smith 2018). This is because the experienced workers are aware of the employees’ norms and cultures as their core-worker and thus can solve any problem, thereby arising quickly (Qamruzzaman, and Karim 2020). In the past, the team leader has been reported to have issues like sexual harassment, which have been addressed with the laying off and demotion of the affected individuals; hence, the company tries to regain the previous trust that was key in human resource management.
Ultimately, the team-based approach is one of the upcoming innovations embraced in today’s organization’s innovation. The companies are training young individuals to promote them later to managerial positions right from the junior workers’ team leaders, thereby cutting down the expense of hiring supervisors. The method is faced with various challenges during the initiation process, which might take a relatively long period to implement fully but worth implementation. The company is also challenged by the problem of fair rewarding of the team members who perform the best, which can be addressed through the ethical practices outlined within the human resource management practices. For instance, the system should ensure trust within the organization as well as among the team leaders. Through trust as the ethical requirement within the management, the employees’ reward is administered through fair and ethical means. The various human resource management thereby ensures that the management costs are cut as the company adopts the only best-experienced employees who are trained for a certain limited period before being reinstated to the managerial positions, unlike hiring of the supervisors who are an additional cost but can help the company to deliver better results. The promoted individuals help the company achieve better as they can effectively identify the specific problem correctly, even at the exact point where the problem arises. The various other individuals under a particular leader who has been promoted to leadership are thereby treated as an asset to the company and the competitive cofactor. The previous challenge posed by sexual harassment has been addressed by laying off management employees found guilty, which helped regain trust among management. Hence, this approach requires innovation to address either challenge that may come with the company virtually might one period by facing more unproductive individual employees than the productive.
Lyon, C., English, A. F., & Smith, P. C. (2018). A team-based care model that improves job satisfaction. Family practice management, 25(2), 6-11.
Liker, J. and Houses, M., 2010. Human Resource Development in Toyota culture. International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, 10(1), 34.
Qamruzzaman, M. D., & Karim, S. (2020). Corporate culture, management commitment, and HRM effect on operation performance: The mediating role of just-in-time. Cogent Business & Management, 7(1), 1786316.